Investment products

Get familiar with the most common investment products and terminologies to get a better understanding of the markets…….

An investment product is a product offered to investors based on an underlying security or group of securities that is purchased with the expectation of earning a favorable return. Investment products are based on a wide range of underlying securities and encompass a broad range of investment objective

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The need to exchange currencies is the primary reason why the forex market is the largest, most liquid financial market in the world. It dwarfs other markets in size, even the stock market, with an average traded value of around U.S. $2 billion per day. (The total volume changes all the time, but as of August 2012, the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) reported that the forex market traded in excess of U.S. $4.9 trillion per day.

its huge trading volume, represents the largest asset class in the world leading to high liquidity…..


One unique aspect of this international market is that there is no central marketplace for foreign exchange. Rather, currency trading is conducted electronically over-the-counter (OTC), which means that all transactions occur via computer networks between traders around the world, rather than on one centralized exchange. The market is open 24 hours a day, five and a half days a week, and currencies are traded worldwide in the major financial centers of London, New York, Tokyo, Zurich, Frankfurt, Hong Kong, Singapore, Paris and Sydney – across almost every time zone. This means that when the trading day in the U.S. ends, the forex market begins anew in Tokyo and Hong Kong. As such, the forex market can be extremely active any time of the day, with price quotes changing constantly.

 The following are the widely most traded currency pairs in the forex market :  EUR/USD    USD/JPY GBP/USD   AUD/USD   USD/CAD   EUR/JPY USD/CHF   EUR/CHF   EUR/GBP

Binary option

Binary options are a simple way to trade price fluctuations in multiple global markets, but a trader needs to understand the risks and rewards of these often-misunderstood instrument

The binary options trader buys a CALL when bullish on a stock, index, commodity or currency pair, or a PUT on those instruments when bearish. For a call to make money, the market must trade above the strike price at the expiration time. For a put to make money, the market must trade below the strike price at the expiration time. The strike price, expiration date, payout and risk are disclosed by the broker when the trade is first established. For most high-low binary options traded outside the U.S., the strike price is the current price or rate of the underlying financial product. Therefore, the trader is wagering whether the price on the expiration date will be higher or lower than the current price. 

Read more: What You Need to Know About Binary Options


Stock markets are secondary markets, where existing owners of shares can transact with potential buyers. It is important to understand that the corporations listed on stock markets do not buy and sell their own shares on a regular basis (companies may engage in stock buybacks or issue new shares, but these are not day-to-day operations and often occur outside of the framework of an exchange). So when you buy a share of stock on the stock market, you are not buying it from the company, you are buying it from some other existing shareholder. Likewise, when you sell your shares, you do not sell them back to the company – rather you sell them to some other investor.

most bids to buy and sell stocks are made electronically. You access these global electronic markets by placing an order through a broker……


Trading Hours in the United States / America

The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is based in New York City. The NYSE is one of the largest stock exchanges in the world, and it is a public entity. As of 2018, the NYSE has normal trading hours from 9:30 a.m. to 4 p.m. local time, unless there’s an early close due to holiday.

The Nasdaq is an American stock exchange that serves as a global electronic marketplace for securities trading. premarkets trading hours are from 4 a.m. to 9:30 a.m. local time, and after hours trading extends from 4 p.m. to 8 p.m. The normal trading hours begin at 9:30 a.m. and end at 4 p.m.

Canada’s Toronto Stock exchange opens at 9:30 a.m. and closes at 4 p.m. local time, with no break in trading for a lunch period.

Trading Hours in Asia

The Shanghai Stock exchange opens at 9:30 a.m. and closes at 3 p.m. local time, and it has a lunch period from 11:30 a.m. to 1 p.m.

Japan’s Tokoyo Stock Exchange opens at 9:00 a.m. and closes at 3 p.m. local time, with a lunch period from 11:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m.

The Hong Kong Stock Exchange opens at 9:30 a.m. and closes at 4 p.m. local time, and it has a lunch period from 12 p.m. to 1 p.m.

Trading Hours in Europe

The London Stock Exchange opens at 8 a.m. and closes at 4:30 p.m. local time with no lunch period.

Euronext Paris opens at 9 a.m. and closes at 5:30 p.m. local time with no lunch period.

The Swiss Exchange opens at 9:00 a.m., closes at 5:30 p.m. local time and has no lunch period.

Read more: Trading hours of world’s major stock exchanges

Cryptocurrencies are decentralized and run by a network of computers instead of a single person or a company. The money you own is stored in a digital wallet you keep in the cloud or offline on a PC and can be sent to someone via a computer or a mobile device like a smartphone. Each transaction is recorded in what is called a Blockchain that is publicly available to all currency holders.


Cryptocurrencies are generated through mining. Mining is done by computers, which try to solve a complex math puzzle known as a hash.

People all across the globe compete to be the first to solve the hash, with the winner getting a certain amount of the cryptocurrency that’s being mined. The process requires specialist hardware that works around the clock, so even if you own a PC with a fast GPU, mining likely won’t be worth your time.

Mining isn’t the only way to get cryptocurrencies, though. The easiest way is to buy them using your local currency on online marketplaces, where you can also sell them to other users. Just like with stocks and gold, for example, the value of a cryptocurrency is determined by supply and demand and is fluctuating all the time.


Commodity trading is a niche area in the finance world that in recent years has been gaining more interest among individuals who are seeking alternative trading instruments from the usual stocks and bonds.


Types Of Commodities Frequently Traded

Commodities that are frequently traded in the financial markets are typically the ones that drive the global economy world that we live in.

These include important and precious metals such as gold, silver, copper, platinum, and energy commodities like oil and natural gas. Both metals and energies are considered as hard commodities, since they are mined or extracted.

Commodities such as wheat, sugar, corn and cocoa are known as soft commodities. Unlike hard commodities, they are products that are grown, rather than extracted or mined. Regardless of whether they are hard or soft commodities, the key basis behind why these commodities are frequently traded by traders is because they enjoy a huge global demand, and are needed for the things that people consume or use.